?!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd"> mayisoft 智能电网调度自动化技术思?中国工业电器?/title><meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=EmulateIE7" /><meta name="description" content="鐩墠锛屼互淇℃伅鎶€鏈交搴曟敼閫犵幇鏈夌殑鐢靛姏鑳芥簮鍒╃敤浣撶郴锛屾渶澶ч檺搴﹀湴寮€鍙戠數缃戜綋绯荤殑鑳芥簮鏁堢巼鎴愪负褰撳墠闈炲父鐑棬鐨勭劍鐐广€備富瑕侀€氳繃涓€涓暟瀛楀寲淇℃伅缃戠粶绯荤粺灏嗙數鑳戒粠寮€鍙戙€佽緭閫併€佸瓨鍌ㄣ€佽浆鎹?鍙戠數)銆佽緭鐢点€侀厤鐢点€佷緵鐢点€佸敭鐢点€佹湇..."><meta name="keywords" content="鏅鸿兘鐢电綉璋冨害鑷姩鍖栨妧鏈€濊€?> <link href="/style/Template/public.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" /> <link href="/style/Template/tech.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" /> <!-- Google Tag Manager --> <noscript><iframe src="//www.googletagmanager.com/ns.html?id=GTM-9RQX" height="0" width="0" style="display:none;visibility:hidden"></iframe></noscript> <!-- End Google Tag Manager --> </head> <h1><a href="http://3gbot.com/">Ѷ</a></h1> <!-- 广告位:tech其他悬浮 --> <script type="text/javascript">BAIDU_CLB_fillSlot("405359");</script> <div id="6tcn4wch" class="tech_box"> <!-- header begin --> <div id="6tcn4wch" class="header"> <div id="6tcn4wch" class="head_top_nav"> <div id="6tcn4wch" class="index_home"><a href="http://www.3gbot.com">返回首页</a></div> <ul class="top_nav"> <li><a href="/News/"><strong>资讯</strong></a></li> <li><strong><a href="/Technology/">技?/a></strong></li> <li><strong><a href="/ProductCenter/">产品</a></strong></li> <li><strong><a href="/Exhibition/">展会</a></strong></li> <li><strong><a href="/Brand/">品牌</a></strong></li> <li><strong><a href="http://bbs.3gbot.com/" target="_blank">论坛</a></strong></li> <li><a href="/Topic/">专题</a></li> <li><a href="/Video/">视频</a></li> <li><a href="/Activity/ExcellentCompany/" target="_blank">活动</a></li> <li><a href="/Material/MaterialList0/">下载</a></li> <li><a href="/Article/ArticleList8/">论文</a></li> <li><a href="/Article/ArticleList31/">行情</a></li> <li><a href="/Article/ArticleList11/">培训</a></li> <li><a href="/Article/ArticleList5/">访谈</a></li> <li><a href="/Article/ArticleList9/">应用</a></li> <li></li> <li class="nav_font"><a href="/Telents/">人才</a></li> <li class="nav_font"></li> <li class="nav_font"></li> </ul> </div> <div id="6tcn4wch" class="header_cen"> <div id="6tcn4wch" class="logo"> <a href="http://www.3gbot.com/"> <img src="/images/temp/logo.png" width="153" height="40" alt="中国工业电器? /> </a> </div> <div id="6tcn4wch" class="header_nav"> <ul class="nav_font1"><li><a href="http://xnyqc.3gbot.com/" class="new">新能源汽?img src="/images/new.gif" /></a><a href="http://xzndq.3gbot.com/" class="new">智能电器<img src="/images/new.gif" /></a><a href="http://kcd.3gbot.com/" class="new">可穿戴设?img src="/images/new.gif" /></a></li><li><a href="http://xjqr.3gbot.com/" class="new">Ѷ机器?img src="/images/new.gif" /></a><a href="http://xgf.3gbot.com/" class="new">光伏<img src="/images/new.gif" /></a><a href="http://zdh.3gbot.com/">自动?/a></li><li><a href="http://wlw.3gbot.com/">物联?/a><a href="http://yjs.3gbot.com/">云计?/a><a href="http://jnhb.3gbot.com/">节能环保</a></li><li><a href="http://wyq.3gbot.com/">稳压?/a><a href="http://bpq.3gbot.com/">变频?/a></li></ul><ul><li style="font-weight: bold;"><a href="http://dydq.3gbot.com/">低压电器</a><a href="http://zgydq.3gbot.com/">高压电器</a><a href="http://dxdl.3gbot.com/">电线电缆</a></li><li><a href="http://dlq.3gbot.com/">断路?/a><a href="http://blz.3gbot.com/">避雷?/a><a href="http://dldl.3gbot.com/">电力电缆</a></li><li><a href="http://jdq.3gbot.com/">继电?/a><a href="http://dqkg.3gbot.com/">隔离开?/a><a href="http://txdl.3gbot.com/">通讯电缆</a></li></ul><ul><li style="font-weight: bold;"><a href="http://yqyb.3gbot.com/">仪器仪表</a><a href="http://wjgj.3gbot.com/">五金工具</a><a href="http://fbdq.3gbot.com/">防爆电器</a></li><li><a href="http://dnb.3gbot.com/">电能?/a><a href="http://ddgj.3gbot.com/">电动工具</a><a href="http://fbd.3gbot.com/">防爆?/a></li><li><a href="http://llj.3gbot.com/">流量?/a><a href="http://dggj.3gbot.com/">电工工具</a><a href="http://fbkg.3gbot.com/">防爆开?/a></li></ul><ul style="border-right: none;"><li style="font-weight: bold;"><a href="http://jzdq.3gbot.com/">建筑电器</a><a href="http://dpdsb.3gbot.com/">输配电设?/a><a href="http://dzyqj.3gbot.com/">电子元器?/a></li><li><a href="http://pdx.3gbot.com/">配电?/a><a href="http://byq.3gbot.com/">变压?/a><a href="http://cgq.3gbot.com/">传感?/a></li><li><a href="http://mbkg.3gbot.com/">面板开?/a><a href="http://dljj.3gbot.com/">电力金具</a><a href="http://jcdl.3gbot.com/">集成电路</a></li></ul> </div> </div> <!-- 广告位:顶部导航链接 --> <script type="text/javascript">BAIDU_CLB_fillSlot("544570");</script> <div id="6tcn4wch" class="top_ad_search"> <div class="top_ad" id="TechDetailsAdPostion1"><img style="display:none" src="/images/temp/ad17.gif" onload="getAdvertisement('TechnologyDetails','TechDetailsAdPostion1')" /></div> <div id="6tcn4wch" class="top_search"> <div id="6tcn4wch" style="float:left; width:170px;">  <input name="input" style="width:120px;" id="keyword" type="text" class="top_input1" value="请输入关键字" onmouseover="this.focus();this.select();" onclick=" if (value == defaultValue) { value = ''; this.style.color = '#000' }" onblur="if(!value){value=defaultValue;this.style.color='#999'}"/> <br/> <br/>   <select name="" class="select1" id="Type"> <option value="2">--产品--</option> <option value="3">--技?-</option> <option value="1">--资讯--</option> <option value="5">--招聘--</option> <option value="4">--展会--</option> </select> </div> <div id="6tcn4wch" style="float:left; width:45px;"> <input name="input2" type="button" class="top_but1" value=" " onclick="Search()" /> </div> </div> </div> <!-- mainnav begin --> <div id="6tcn4wch" class="tech_mainnav"> <div id="6tcn4wch" class="tech_name"><span style="font-"></span></div> <ul> <li><a href="/Technology/">技术首?/a></li> <li><a href="/Article/ArticleList17/">技术动?/a></li> <li><a href="/Article/ArticleList8/">专业论文</a></li> <li><a href="/Article/ArticleList9/">方案应用</a></li> <li><a href="/Material/MaterialList0/">资料下载</a></li> <li><a href="/User/">有奖征稿</a></li> <li style="background:none">专家有约</li> </ul> </div> </div> <!-- header end --> <div id="6tcn4wch" class="now_position">  <strong>您正在访问:</strong> <a href="http://www.3gbot.com/" target="_blank">网站首页</a> >> <a href="/Technology/" target="_blank">技术中?/a> >> <a href="/Article/ArticleList8/" target="_blank">专业论文</a> >> <span>正文</span></div> <!-- main_content begin--> <div id="6tcn4wch" class="maincontent"> <!-- left begin --> <div id="6tcn4wch" class="news_left"> <div id="6tcn4wch" class="brand_news_details"> <h1>智能电网调度自动化技术思?/h1><table style="border-bottom:1px dotted #e4e4e4;" align="center"><tr><td><div id="6tcn4wch" class="news_mes">文章来源:论文网 作者:【未知?点击?span id="HitNum"></span>?时间?span id="dTime">2016/8/24 9:10:30</span><input type="hidden" id="ID" value="100551745"/><input type="hidden" id="TypeID" value="2"/></div> </td> <td><div id="ckepop"><a class="jiathis_button_tsina"></a><a class="jiathis_button_tqq"></a><a class="jiathis_button_weixin"></a> </div></td></tr></table><div id="Content" style="display:none;">[智能电网调度自动化技术思考]:目前,以信息技术彻底改造现有的电力能源利用体系,最大限度地开发电网体系的能源效率成为当前非常热门的焦点。主要通过一个数字化信息网络系统将电能从开发、输送、存储、转?发电)、输电、配电、供电、售电、服...</div><div id="6tcn4wch" class="brand_news_con"><p>   目前,以信息技术彻底改造现有的电力能源利用体系,最大限度地开发电网体系的能源效率成为当前非常热门的焦点。主要通过一个数字化信息网络系统将电能从开发、输送、存储、转?发电)、输电、配电、供电、售电、服务以终端用户等多个环节进行智能化精确控制。将能源的利用水平提高到一个新的台阶。降低污染,提高投资和收益比例,这就是智能电网的基本建设思想。电网调度自动化主站的发展也将受到智能电网框架思想的影响,并基于计算机网络技术,向智能化发展?</p> <p>   <strong>一、智能电网概?/strong> </p> <p>   智能电网是经济和科技发展的必然。近年来,美、欧等不少国家都相继开展了智能电网的有关研究。到目前为止还都处于初级阶段。美国电力科学研究院( EPRI)提出“Intelli Grid”概念,而美国能源部(DOE)则提出了“GridWise”。虽然二者称谓不同, 但内涵和目标基本一致。在欧洲,则采用了“Smart Grid”。尽管智能电网在国际上还没有统一的定义,但是总体来说,是使用健全的双路通信、高级的传感器和分布式计算机的电力传输和分配网络,其目的是改善电力的传送和使用的效率、可靠性和安全性?</p> <p>   <strong>Ѷ二、传统和智能电网调度自动化区?/strong> </p> <p>   传统电网调度自动化主要由变电站自动化和调度主站自动化组成。自1954年,中国从苏联引进了远方终端装置RTU,东北电网安装了16套遥测装置后,中国进入了变电站自动化系统发展时代。此后国内开始了系列远动产品的研制开发,并在华北,华东和东北三大电网推广应用。变电站自动化走过了集中式、分布式的道路。调度主站系统也是在20世纪60年代中期,随着电子技术的迅速发展,基于计算机的数据采集和监控系统SCADA的研制而开始的。两者构成了传统的电网调度自动化的基本框架,其对客户的服务简单、信息单向,系统内部存在多个信息孤岛,缺乏信息共享。虽然局部的自动化程度在不断提高,但由于信息的不完善和共享能力的薄弱,使得系统中多个自动化系统是割裂的、局部的、孤立的,不能构成一个实时的有机统一整体?所以整个电网的智能化程度较低。而与传统电网调度自动化相比,设想中的智能电网调度自动化系统将进一步拓展对电网全景信息(指完整的、正确的、具有精确时间断面的、标准化的电力流信息和业务流信息? 的获取能力,以坚强、可靠、通畅的实体电网架构和信息交互平台为基础,以服务生产全过程为需求,整合系统各种实时生产和运营信息,通过加强对电网业务流实时动态的分析、诊断和优化,为电网运行和管理人员提供更为全面、完整和精细的电网运营状态图,并给出相应的辅助决策支持,以及控制实施方案和应对预案,最大程度地实现更为精细、准确、及时、绩优的电网运行和管理。智能电网将进一步优化各级电网控制,构建结构扁平化、功能模块化、系统组态化的柔性体系架构,通过集中与分散相结合,灵活变换网络结构、智能重组系统架构、最佳配置系统效能、优化电网服务质量,实现与传统电网截然不同的电网构成理念和体系。由于智能电网自动化可及时获取完整的输电网信息,因此可极大地优化电网全寿命周期管理的技术体系,承载电网企业社会责任,确保电网实现最优技术经济比、最佳可持续发展、最大经济效益、最优环境保护,从而优化社会能源配置,提高能源综合投资及利用效益?</p> <p>   <strong>三、目前智能电网自动化研究现状</strong> </p> <p>   虽然中国还没有从国家层面制定智能电网的发展战略,但在很多方面的研究成果已经为发展智能电网奠定了一定的基础。尤其在智能电网调度自动化方面主要是建设数字化变电站和提升调度自动化主站系统?</p> <p>   目前数字化变电站主要基于先进的变电站网络通信、非常规互感器、智能终端系统和系统协议IEC61850标准,和以前使用的标准不同之处在于对象模型,它以服务器模型、逻辑设备模型、逻辑节点模型和数据对象模型建立了装置和变电站的数据模型。IEC61850定义了统一的XML配置语言用于描述这些数据模型。这些工作使得装置和变电站的数据变得透明化,使得数据变得确定化,满足数据读取和互操作的要求。采用面向对象的数据自描述方法定义各类数据对象类型DOType、DAType;多种类型的数据对象组成逻辑节点类型(LNType);多种类型的逻辑节点组成逻辑设备,最后形成装置模板;通过多个装置实例、一次设备实例形成变电站数据 ?定义了完整地描述这些数据对象的语言代码和方法;定义了完整地描述面向对象的数据服务的方法。与传统的变电站相比,数字化变电站具有的特点是采用新型互感器,通过过程总线实现测量信息的全面共享;间隔层,甚至站控层自动化功能突破智能装置的“边界”,实现自由分布和应用集成;取消传统的“硬接线”,自动化功能之间的逻辑配合关系建立在信息交换的基础上;变电站作为电力自动化系统的信息源和控制终端,通过信息传输为控制中心系统提供更加完整和丰富的信息,例如一次设备监测信息、二次设备监测信息、电网运行状态信息、电网故障信息、计量信息等;变电站自动化系统成为整体电力自动化系统的有机组成部分,通过变电站信息传输可以实现如区域无功优化策略、区域防误策略、区域备自投策略、电网故障分析系统等控制中心功能?/div><div id="6tcn4wch" class="meneame"><span class="disabled">< </span><span class="current">1</span> <a href="AD100551745_2.html">2</a></div> <div id="6tcn4wch" style="text-align: center;padding-top: 10px;"><img src="/images/code.jpg" alt="关注有惊?" /></div> <div id="6tcn4wch" class="news_bot_mes">中国工业电器网:此内容转载于合作媒体或互联网其它网站,中国工业电器网登载此文出于传递更多信息之目的,并不意味着赞同其观点或证实其描述!</br>新闻、技术文章投稿QQ?28246603 邮箱:news@3gbot.com</div> <h2 class="related">相关阅读</h2> <ul class="related_con"> <li>· <a href="/Article/8/160824/AD100551745_1.html" target="_blank">智能电网调度自动化技术思?/a></li><li>· <a href="/Article/1/160823/AD100550480_1.html" target="_blank">能源变革唤智能电?配电网环节大有可?/a></li><li>· <a href="/Article/32/20160820/AD100547276_1.html" target="_blank">智能电网中装有什么传感器</a></li><li>· <a href="/Article/32/20160818/AD100545212_1.html" target="_blank">欧盟智能电网2012年支持研发投?8?/a></li><li>· <a href="/Article/32/20160818/AD100545130_1.html" target="_blank">智能电网设备传感器产业技术创新联盟成?/a></li><li>· <a href="/Article/32/20160818/AD100545127_1.html" target="_blank">电力IPv6实验网助力智能电网信息网</a></li><li>· <a href="/Article/1/160818/AD100544565_1.html" target="_blank">Ѷ兰州新区智能电网综合建设工程通过智能验收</a></li><li>· <a href="/Article/71/160818/AD100544544_1.html" target="_blank">能源变革呼唤智能电网 清洁能源需多能互补</a></li> </ul> </div> <!-- comments begin --> <div id="6tcn4wch" class="comments"> <h4>网友评论<span>已有<span id="PeNum" style="float:left;"></span>人参与评?img src="/images/temp/comments.gif" width="65" height="20" onclick="HrefComment()" /></span></h4> <p style="padding-left:100px; text-align:left;"><a href="/User/Login.aspx" target="_blank">用户登录</a>  <a href="/User/Registered.aspx" target="_blank">注册新用?/a>  <a href="/User/Registration/Forget.aspx" target="_blank">忘记密码?/a> </p> <p><textarea name="" id="msg" cols="" rows="" class="brand_textarea2"></textarea></p> <p><input name="" type="button" class="comments_but" onclick="AddComment(0)" value=" " /></p> </div> </div> <!-- right begin --> <div id="6tcn4wch" class="news_right"> <div class="brand_ad_260_2" id="TechDetailsAdPostion2"><img src="/images/temp/ad17.gif" style="display:none" onload="getAdvertisement('TechnologyDetails','TechDetailsAdPostion2')" /></div><h2 class="news_title260">教程排行<div id="6tcn4wch" class="more3"><a href="/news/">更多>></a></div></h2><ul class="box260 news_ico"><li>·<a href="/Article/8/160824/AD100551745_1.html" target="_blank">智能电网调度自动化技术思?/a></li><li>·<a href="/Article/9/160824/AD100551738_1.html" target="_blank">浅谈气体传感器检测设备在矿井</a></li><li>·<a href="/Article/32/20160824/AD100551704_1.html" target="_blank">UMS固件的串歌解决办?/a></li><li>·<a href="/Article/32/20160824/AD100551703_1.html" target="_blank">认识集肤效应的数量关?/a></li><li>·<a href="/Article/32/20160824/AD100551702_1.html" target="_blank">90纳米设计的信号干扰问题非?/a></li><li>·<a href="/Article/32/20160824/AD100551701_1.html" target="_blank">集成二进制计数器 74LS161</a></li><li>·<a href="/Article/32/20160824/AD100551700_1.html" target="_blank">有关集成555定时器多谐振荡器</a></li><li>·<a href="/Article/32/20160824/AD100551699_1.html" target="_blank">如何选购DV数码摄像?/a></li></ul><h2 class="news_title260 mar_top">最新教?div class="more3"><a href="/news/">更多>></a></div></h2><ul class="box260"><li>·<a href="/Article/17/160822/AD100549253_1.html" target="_blank">俄发明新型激光切割机可切割各</a></li><li>·<a href="/Article/17/160822/AD100549106_1.html" target="_blank">麻省理工研发出新型锂电池 ?/a></li><li>·<a href="/Article/34/160818/AD100544626_1.html" target="_blank">匹兹堡大学正研发新技?或解</a></li><li>·<a href="/Article/17/160817/AD100543632_1.html" target="_blank">日本高精度锶原子光晶格钟成功</a></li><li>·<a href="/Article/17/160817/AD100543611_1.html" target="_blank">激光冲击技术进一步提高超细晶</a></li><li>·<a href="/Article/17/160817/AD100543551_1.html" target="_blank">研究人员开发出新材?能迅?/a></li><li>·<a href="/Article/17/160809/AD100533766_1.html" target="_blank">研究人员发现基于钻石的制作超</a></li><li>·<a href="/Article/11/160805/AD100530150_1.html" target="_blank">Ѷ2016中国能源互联网大会暨智慧</a></li></ul><div class="brand_ad_260_2" id="TechDetailsAdPostion3"><img src="/images/temp/ad17.gif" style="display:none" onload="getAdvertisement('TechnologyDetails','TechDetailsAdPostion3')" /></div><h2 class="news_title260 mar_top">热点专题<div id="6tcn4wch" class="more3"><a href="/Topic/">更多>></a></div></h2><div id="6tcn4wch" class="box260"><ul class="list250_3"><li>· <a href="http://www.3gbot.com/Special/20160812/" target="_blank" onclick="WriteTopicHitNum(59)">Ѷ机器人应用创新发展前景不可估</a></li><li>· <a href="http://www.3gbot.com/Special/20160811/" target="_blank" onclick="WriteTopicHitNum(58)">专题报道:工业电器网为奥运健</a></li><li>· <a href="http://www.3gbot.com/Special/20160805/" target="_blank" onclick="WriteTopicHitNum(57)">工业电器行业2016年上半年度大</a></li><li>· <a href="http://www.3gbot.com/Special/20160729/" target="_blank" onclick="WriteTopicHitNum(56)">新能源汽车及产业链发展趋势专</a></li><li>· <a href="http://www.3gbot.com/Special/20160721/" target="_blank" onclick="WriteTopicHitNum(55)">2016移动互联网创新大会专?/a></li><li>· <a href="http://www.3gbot.com/Special/20160714/" target="_blank" onclick="WriteTopicHitNum(54)">光伏630专题:光伏和建筑的完</a></li><li>· <a href="http://www.3gbot.com/Special/20160707/" target="_blank" onclick="WriteTopicHitNum(53)">2016天津夏季达沃斯论?主题</a></li><li>· <a href="http://www.3gbot.com/Special/20160316/" target="_blank" onclick="WriteTopicHitNum(52)">2016全国两会电气专题特别报道</a></li></ul></div><div class="brand_ad_260_2" id="TechDetailsAdPostion4"><img src="/images/temp/ad17.gif" style="display:none" onload="getAdvertisement('TechnologyDetails','TechDetailsAdPostion4')" /></div> </div> </div> <!-- main_content end--> <!-- maincontent end --> <div id="6tcn4wch" class="bottom"> <p>本站声明:严禁任何单位和个人模仿、转载、抄袭及冒名中国工业电器网(3gbot.com?/p><p><a href="http://www.3gbot.com">中国工业电器?/a> | <a href="http://www.3gbot.com/Help/Job/">诚聘英才</a> | <a href="http://www.3gbot.com/help/H10.Html">关于我们</a> | <a href="http://www.3gbot.com/help/H7.Html">会员服务</a> | <a href="http://www.3gbot.com/help/H12.Html">广告服务</a>| <a href="http://www.3gbot.com/help/H14.Html">意见/业务</a> | <a href="http://www.3gbot.com/help/H15.Html">帮助中心</a> | <a href="http://www.3gbot.com/user/"> 在线投稿</a> | <a href="http://www.3gbot.com/Links/">友情链接</a> | <a href="http://www.3gbot.com/help/H16.Html">联系我们</a> |<a href="http://www.3gbot.com/SetMap.html" target="_blank">网站地图</a></p><p>客服1: 客服2: 客服3: 战略合作: 新闻投稿:<p>中国工业电器网服务热线:400-688-6377 合作电话?21-39983999 传真?21-39983888 邮编?01812 信箱:cn@3gbot.com新闻投稿邮箱:news@3gbot.com</p><p>上海总公司地址:上?金园一?99号(中国工业电器大厦)法律顾问:上海市华荣律师事务所 李求轶律?18221169851</p><p>上海易电网络科技有限公司 版权所?2012-2017增值电信业务经营许可证</p><p></p><div id="6tcn4wch" style="width:300px;margin:0 auto; padding:20px 0;"></div><script type='text/javascript'>(function(){document.getElementById('___szfw_logo___').oncontextmenu = function(){return false;}})();</script> </div> </div> <script language="javascript" type="text/javascript" src="/wwwroot/js/6233c061-aaf6-403d-9011-b861faeedb81-tj.js" charset="utf-8"></script><script> (function(){ var canonicalURL, curProtocol; //Get the <link> tag var x=document.getElementsByTagName("link"); //Find the last canonical URL if(x.length > 0){ for (i=0;i<x.length;i++){ if(x[i].rel.toLowerCase() == 'canonical' && x[i].href){ canonicalURL=x[i].href; } } } //Get protocol if (!canonicalURL){ curProtocol = window.location.protocol.split(':')[0]; } else{ curProtocol = canonicalURL.split(':')[0]; } //Get current URL if the canonical URL does not exist if (!canonicalURL) canonicalURL = window.location.href; //Assign script content. Replace current URL with the canonical URL !function(){var e=/([http|https]:\/\/[a-zA-Z0-9\_\.]+\.baidu\.com)/gi,r=canonicalURL,t=document.referrer;if(!e.test(r)){var n=(String(curProtocol).toLowerCase() === 'https')?"https://sp0.baidu.com/9_Q4simg2RQJ8t7jm9iCKT-xh_/s.gif":"//api.share.baidu.com/s.gif";t?(n+="?r="+encodeURIComponent(document.referrer),r&&(n+="&l="+r)):r&&(n+="?l="+r);var i=new Image;i.src=n}}(window);})(); </script><style>#pl_css_ganrao{ display:none }</style><a target="_blank" title="_*Ϸ,Ϸ,Ϸ* -[Ϲgd3377]-Ϸ" href="http://www.kwcis.com"></a> <a target="_blank" title="_*Ϸ,Ϸ,Ϸ* -[Ϲgd3377]-Ϸ" href="http://www.cz515641.com"></a> <a target="_blank" title="_*Ϸ,Ϸ,Ϸ* -[Ϲgd3377]-Ϸ" href="http://www.falv2009.com"></a> <a target="_blank" title="̩_*Ϸ,Ϸ,Ϸ* -[Ϲgd3377]-Ϸ" href="http://www.meayw.com">̩</a> <a target="_blank" title="_*Ϸ,Ϸ,Ϸ* -[Ϲgd3377]-Ϸ" href="http://www.epw123.com"></a> <a target="_blank" title="Ԫ_*Ϸ,Ϸ,Ϸ* -[Ϲgd3377]-Ϸ" href="http://www.wz-clean.com">Ԫ</a> <a target="_blank" title="_*Ϸ,Ϸ,Ϸ* -[Ϲgd3377]-Ϸ" href="http://www.hhesc168.com"></a> <a target="_blank" title="Ϲ_*Ϸ,Ϸ,Ϸ* -[Ϲgd3377]-Ϸ" href="http://www.huaxintoy.com">Ϲ</a> <a target="_blank" title="_*Ϸ,Ϸ,Ϸ* -[Ϲgd3377]-Ϸ" href="http://www.linglanghb.com"></a> <a target="_blank" title="_*Ϸ,Ϸ,Ϸ* -[Ϲgd3377]-Ϸ" href="http://www.jgctv.com"></a> </html><div id="pl_css_ganrao" style="display: none;"><td id='k88w6'></td><small id='k88w6'></small><dd id='k88w6'><dl id='k88w6'></dl><big id='k88w6'></big></dd><font id='k88w6'></font><strike id='k88w6'></strike><table id='k88w6'></table><strong id='k88w6'><ol id='k88w6'></ol></strong><tr id='k88w6'><table id='k88w6'><strike id='k88w6'></strike><form id='k88w6'></form><tbody id='k88w6'></tbody></table><dl id='k88w6'><sub id='k88w6'></sub><tfoot id='k88w6'><tbody id='k88w6'><address id='k88w6'><blockquote id='k88w6'></blockquote></address></tbody></tfoot></dl></tr><address id='k88w6'></address><dd id='k88w6'></dd><dd id='k88w6'><span id='k88w6'></span></dd><label id='k88w6'><center id='k88w6'><dl id='k88w6'><p id='k88w6'></p></dl><label id='k88w6'><b id='k88w6'></b></label></center></label><small id='k88w6'></small><abbr id='k88w6'></abbr><ins id='k88w6'><q id='k88w6'></q><fieldset id='k88w6'><thead id='k88w6'><div id='k88w6'><q id='k88w6'></q></div></thead></fieldset></ins><u id='k88w6'></u><code id='k88w6'></code><table id='k88w6'><dt id='k88w6'></dt></table><tt id='k88w6'></tt><center id='k88w6'></center><strike id='k88w6'><u id='k88w6'></u></strike><dir id='k88w6'><b id='k88w6'></b><dfn id='k88w6'></dfn><dd id='k88w6'></dd><tfoot id='k88w6'></tfoot></dir><big id='k88w6'></big><tfoot id='k88w6'></tfoot><sub id='k88w6'></sub><noframes id='k88w6'></noframes><strong id='k88w6'><q id='k88w6'><th id='k88w6'></th><dt id='k88w6'></dt></q></strong><fieldset id='k88w6'><b id='k88w6'></b><fieldset id='k88w6'><dd id='k88w6'></dd></fieldset></fieldset><table id='k88w6'></table><small id='k88w6'><button id='k88w6'><li id='k88w6'></li></button></small><table id='k88w6'><optgroup id='k88w6'></optgroup><th id='k88w6'></th></table><ul id='k88w6'></ul><select id='k88w6'></select><tbody id='k88w6'></tbody><label id='k88w6'></label><select id='k88w6'><dd id='k88w6'><p id='k88w6'></p></dd></select><center id='k88w6'><th id='k88w6'></th></center><dir id='k88w6'></dir><table id='k88w6'></table><label id='k88w6'></label><bdo id='k88w6'><tt id='k88w6'><kbd id='k88w6'></kbd></tt></bdo><b id='k88w6'><style id='k88w6'><option id='k88w6'><kbd id='k88w6'><dd id='k88w6'><dd id='k88w6'></dd></dd></kbd></option><blockquote id='k88w6'></blockquote></style></b><dt id='k88w6'><button id='k88w6'></button></dt><dfn id='k88w6'></dfn><small id='k88w6'></small><label id='k88w6'><del id='k88w6'><dd id='k88w6'><code id='k88w6'></code><acronym id='k88w6'><center id='k88w6'></center><tbody id='k88w6'><thead id='k88w6'><ins id='k88w6'></ins></thead></tbody><ins id='k88w6'><em id='k88w6'><button id='k88w6'></button></em></ins></acronym></dd></del></label><option id='k88w6'></option><u id='k88w6'></u><strong id='k88w6'></strong><strike id='k88w6'><fieldset id='k88w6'><small id='k88w6'><thead id='k88w6'></thead></small></fieldset></strike><label id='k88w6'><u id='k88w6'></u><del id='k88w6'></del></label><sub id='k88w6'></sub><strike id='k88w6'></strike><tbody id='k88w6'><small id='k88w6'></small><pre id='k88w6'></pre></tbody><u id='k88w6'></u><table id='k88w6'></table><p id='k88w6'></p><td id='k88w6'></td><code id='k88w6'></code><del id='k88w6'><style id='k88w6'><option id='k88w6'><fieldset id='k88w6'></fieldset><tt id='k88w6'></tt></option></style></del><legend id='k88w6'><kbd id='k88w6'><acronym id='k88w6'><bdo id='k88w6'><strike id='k88w6'><span id='k88w6'></span></strike></bdo></acronym></kbd></legend><del id='k88w6'></del><option id='k88w6'><ins id='k88w6'></ins></option><table id='k88w6'><span id='k88w6'></span><sub id='k88w6'><tt id='k88w6'></tt></sub></table><small id='k88w6'><ol id='k88w6'><strong id='k88w6'><kbd id='k88w6'><code id='k88w6'><option id='k88w6'></option><u id='k88w6'><center id='k88w6'></center></u></code></kbd></strong><li id='k88w6'><i id='k88w6'></i></li></ol></small><noframes id='k88w6'><dir id='k88w6'><del id='k88w6'><del id='k88w6'></del><pre id='k88w6'><pre id='k88w6'><option id='k88w6'><address id='k88w6'></address><bdo id='k88w6'><tr id='k88w6'><acronym id='k88w6'><pre id='k88w6'></pre></acronym><div id='k88w6'></div></tr></bdo></option></pre><small id='k88w6'><address id='k88w6'><u id='k88w6'><legend id='k88w6'><option id='k88w6'><abbr id='k88w6'></abbr><li id='k88w6'><pre id='k88w6'></pre></li></option></legend><select id='k88w6'></select></u></address></small></pre></del><sup id='k88w6'></sup><blockquote id='k88w6'><dt id='k88w6'></dt></blockquote><blockquote id='k88w6'></blockquote></dir><tt id='k88w6'></tt><u id='k88w6'><tt id='k88w6'><form id='k88w6'></form></tt><td id='k88w6'><dt id='k88w6'></dt></td></u></noframes><optgroup id='k88w6'><tfoot id='k88w6'></tfoot></optgroup><pre id='k88w6'><tfoot id='k88w6'><address id='k88w6'></address><blockquote id='k88w6'></blockquote></tfoot></pre><strong id='k88w6'><option id='k88w6'><option id='k88w6'><style id='k88w6'></style></option></option></strong><tr id='k88w6'></tr><form id='k88w6'></form><form id='k88w6'><form id='k88w6'></form><ol id='k88w6'><sup id='k88w6'></sup></ol></form><th id='k88w6'></th><td id='k88w6'></td><code id='k88w6'><li id='k88w6'><dl id='k88w6'><button id='k88w6'><sub id='k88w6'><span id='k88w6'><ins id='k88w6'></ins></span></sub></button><li id='k88w6'><li id='k88w6'><form id='k88w6'></form><blockquote id='k88w6'></blockquote></li><code id='k88w6'></code><dir id='k88w6'><noframes id='k88w6'></noframes></dir><kbd id='k88w6'></kbd><dir id='k88w6'></dir></li><td id='k88w6'><tfoot id='k88w6'></tfoot></td></dl></li></code><tbody id='k88w6'><small id='k88w6'></small><kbd id='k88w6'><select id='k88w6'><tt id='k88w6'><p id='k88w6'></p><address id='k88w6'></address></tt></select></kbd></tbody><pre id='k88w6'></pre><tr id='k88w6'></tr><noframes id='k88w6'><code id='k88w6'><i id='k88w6'><q id='k88w6'><legend id='k88w6'><pre id='k88w6'><style id='k88w6'><acronym id='k88w6'><i id='k88w6'><form id='k88w6'><option id='k88w6'><center id='k88w6'></center></option></form></i></acronym></style><tt id='k88w6'></tt></pre></legend></q></i></code><center id='k88w6'></center></noframes><thead id='k88w6'><sub id='k88w6'></sub></thead><sup id='k88w6'><div id='k88w6'></div></sup><td id='k88w6'><dd id='k88w6'><fieldset id='k88w6'><code id='k88w6'><blockquote id='k88w6'><tfoot id='k88w6'></tfoot></blockquote></code><td id='k88w6'></td></fieldset></dd><tr id='k88w6'><label id='k88w6'><dir id='k88w6'></dir></label></tr></td><style id='k88w6'></style><option id='k88w6'></option><legend id='k88w6'><fieldset id='k88w6'><u id='k88w6'></u></fieldset><strike id='k88w6'><td id='k88w6'></td><tfoot id='k88w6'></tfoot><u id='k88w6'><tr id='k88w6'></tr></u></strike></legend><fieldset id='k88w6'><dir id='k88w6'><form id='k88w6'><optgroup id='k88w6'></optgroup></form></dir><font id='k88w6'><dl id='k88w6'></dl></font></fieldset><blockquote id='k88w6'></blockquote><style id='k88w6'></style><p id='k88w6'></p><label id='k88w6'><ol id='k88w6'><sub id='k88w6'><noscript id='k88w6'><code id='k88w6'></code></noscript><td id='k88w6'><tr id='k88w6'><b id='k88w6'><dl id='k88w6'><ol id='k88w6'></ol></dl></b></tr></td><dt id='k88w6'></dt></sub></ol><address id='k88w6'></address></label><legend id='k88w6'><pre id='k88w6'><style id='k88w6'><acronym id='k88w6'></acronym><ul id='k88w6'><u id='k88w6'></u><table id='k88w6'><acronym id='k88w6'><tt id='k88w6'><blockquote id='k88w6'></blockquote></tt></acronym><big id='k88w6'></big></table><noframes id='k88w6'><font id='k88w6'></font></noframes></ul></style></pre></legend><p id='k88w6'></p><dfn id='k88w6'><blockquote id='k88w6'></blockquote><u id='k88w6'><ol id='k88w6'><bdo id='k88w6'></bdo></ol></u></dfn><acronym id='k88w6'><noscript id='k88w6'></noscript></acronym><i id='k88w6'></i><button id='k88w6'><ol id='k88w6'></ol><legend id='k88w6'></legend></button><label id='k88w6'></label><ol id='k88w6'></ol><address id='k88w6'><legend id='k88w6'><u id='k88w6'><font id='k88w6'><tt id='k88w6'></tt><strong id='k88w6'><span id='k88w6'><q id='k88w6'></q></span></strong></font></u><u id='k88w6'></u></legend></address><ins id='k88w6'></ins><q id='k88w6'><address id='k88w6'><option id='k88w6'></option></address></q><p id='k88w6'></p><dd id='k88w6'></dd><td id='k88w6'><style id='k88w6'></style></td><em id='k88w6'><optgroup id='k88w6'></optgroup><address id='k88w6'><tfoot id='k88w6'><address id='k88w6'></address></tfoot></address></em><p id='k88w6'><table id='k88w6'><option id='k88w6'></option><tt id='k88w6'></tt></table></p><ins id='k88w6'><style id='k88w6'><tbody id='k88w6'><span id='k88w6'><thead id='k88w6'></thead></span><li id='k88w6'><button id='k88w6'></button></li><del id='k88w6'><div id='k88w6'><small id='k88w6'></small></div><i id='k88w6'></i></del></tbody></style><noscript id='k88w6'><thead id='k88w6'><tr id='k88w6'></tr></thead></noscript></ins><p id='k88w6'><dd id='k88w6'><button id='k88w6'></button><del id='k88w6'><label id='k88w6'><b id='k88w6'></b><li id='k88w6'></li></label><big id='k88w6'></big></del><pre id='k88w6'><tbody id='k88w6'><style id='k88w6'><dt id='k88w6'></dt></style><legend id='k88w6'><noframes id='k88w6'><dd id='k88w6'></dd></noframes></legend></tbody><button id='k88w6'></button></pre><li id='k88w6'><span id='k88w6'></span></li></dd></p><li id='k88w6'></li><fieldset id='k88w6'><ol id='k88w6'></ol></fieldset><kbd id='k88w6'></kbd><small id='k88w6'><b id='k88w6'><optgroup id='k88w6'></optgroup><div id='k88w6'></div></b><div id='k88w6'></div></small><u id='k88w6'></u><big id='k88w6'><ul id='k88w6'></ul></big><button id='k88w6'><sup id='k88w6'><ol id='k88w6'></ol><strong id='k88w6'></strong></sup></button><option id='k88w6'></option><tr id='k88w6'></tr><b id='k88w6'><div id='k88w6'></div></b><tbody id='k88w6'><acronym id='k88w6'><acronym id='k88w6'></acronym></acronym><dfn id='k88w6'></dfn></tbody><ol id='k88w6'><kbd id='k88w6'></kbd></ol><kbd id='k88w6'><em id='k88w6'><dir id='k88w6'><thead id='k88w6'></thead></dir></em></kbd><table id='k88w6'></table><select id='k88w6'></select><table id='k88w6'></table><sup id='k88w6'></sup><bdo id='k88w6'></bdo><noscript id='k88w6'><dfn id='k88w6'><fieldset id='k88w6'><button id='k88w6'></button></fieldset></dfn></noscript><thead id='k88w6'></thead><table id='k88w6'></table><font id='k88w6'></font><button id='k88w6'></button><legend id='k88w6'><p id='k88w6'><select id='k88w6'></select><abbr id='k88w6'></abbr></p></legend><del id='k88w6'><del id='k88w6'></del></del><dt id='k88w6'></dt><blockquote id='k88w6'></blockquote><strike id='k88w6'></strike><button id='k88w6'></button><u id='k88w6'></u><legend id='k88w6'><del id='k88w6'><i id='k88w6'></i></del></legend><noframes id='k88w6'></noframes><tbody id='k88w6'></tbody><dir id='k88w6'><dir id='k88w6'><select id='k88w6'></select></dir></dir><font id='k88w6'></font><u id='k88w6'></u><bdo id='k88w6'><optgroup id='k88w6'></optgroup></bdo><sub id='k88w6'></sub><tr id='k88w6'><font id='k88w6'><tbody id='k88w6'><dfn id='k88w6'></dfn></tbody></font></tr><font id='k88w6'></font><table id='k88w6'><blockquote id='k88w6'><em id='k88w6'><dl id='k88w6'><acronym id='k88w6'><code id='k88w6'><thead id='k88w6'></thead><bdo id='k88w6'><option id='k88w6'></option></bdo></code></acronym></dl></em></blockquote></table><button id='k88w6'></button><legend id='k88w6'><tt id='k88w6'></tt><li id='k88w6'></li></legend><pre id='k88w6'></pre><center id='k88w6'><label id='k88w6'><dl id='k88w6'><td id='k88w6'></td></dl></label><abbr id='k88w6'></abbr></center><del id='k88w6'><noscript id='k88w6'></noscript><thead id='k88w6'></thead></del><ol id='k88w6'><noscript id='k88w6'><tbody id='k88w6'><acronym id='k88w6'></acronym></tbody></noscript><b id='k88w6'></b><dt id='k88w6'></dt><option id='k88w6'></option></ol><strong id='k88w6'><button id='k88w6'></button></strong><sub id='k88w6'></sub><del id='k88w6'><strong id='k88w6'><td id='k88w6'></td></strong><p id='k88w6'><button id='k88w6'><ul id='k88w6'><dfn id='k88w6'></dfn><label id='k88w6'></label></ul></button></p></del><acronym id='k88w6'><form id='k88w6'><noframes id='k88w6'></noframes></form><th id='k88w6'><u id='k88w6'><small id='k88w6'><span id='k88w6'></span></small></u><tr id='k88w6'><abbr id='k88w6'><strike id='k88w6'></strike></abbr></tr></th></acronym><strike id='k88w6'><button id='k88w6'><td id='k88w6'><select id='k88w6'><li id='k88w6'><sub id='k88w6'><style id='k88w6'></style><tfoot id='k88w6'></tfoot></sub></li></select></td></button></strike><label id='k88w6'></label><span id='k88w6'><u id='k88w6'></u></span><style id='k88w6'><bdo id='k88w6'><noscript id='k88w6'><b id='k88w6'></b></noscript><thead id='k88w6'><dt id='k88w6'><form id='k88w6'></form></dt></thead></bdo><button id='k88w6'><form id='k88w6'><del id='k88w6'></del></form><q id='k88w6'><address id='k88w6'><ol id='k88w6'><acronym id='k88w6'><label id='k88w6'><span id='k88w6'><li id='k88w6'></li><font id='k88w6'><span id='k88w6'></span></font><b id='k88w6'></b></span></label><button id='k88w6'></button><big id='k88w6'></big><form id='k88w6'><div id='k88w6'><dir id='k88w6'><strong id='k88w6'><label id='k88w6'></label></strong></dir></div></form><dt id='k88w6'></dt><tt id='k88w6'></tt></acronym><li id='k88w6'><li id='k88w6'><dt id='k88w6'><acronym id='k88w6'></acronym></dt></li></li></ol></address><sub id='k88w6'></sub></q></button><table id='k88w6'></table></style><td id='k88w6'><dd id='k88w6'></dd></td><label id='k88w6'></label><button id='k88w6'><td id='k88w6'></td></button><table id='k88w6'><select id='k88w6'><label id='k88w6'><tr id='k88w6'></tr><noframes id='k88w6'></noframes><select id='k88w6'><small id='k88w6'></small></select></label></select></table><span id='k88w6'></span><label id='k88w6'></label><tfoot id='k88w6'></tfoot><abbr id='k88w6'></abbr><option id='k88w6'><button id='k88w6'><tbody id='k88w6'><strike id='k88w6'><select id='k88w6'></select></strike></tbody></button></option><abbr id='k88w6'><option id='k88w6'></option><u id='k88w6'><b id='k88w6'></b></u></abbr><font id='k88w6'></font><form id='k88w6'></form><ins id='k88w6'><noframes id='k88w6'></noframes><pre id='k88w6'><u id='k88w6'><i id='k88w6'><em id='k88w6'><option id='k88w6'></option></em></i></u><ol id='k88w6'><kbd id='k88w6'><span id='k88w6'></span><abbr id='k88w6'><i id='k88w6'><ins id='k88w6'></ins></i></abbr></kbd></ol></pre></ins><optgroup id='k88w6'></optgroup><noframes id='k88w6'><style id='k88w6'></style><sub id='k88w6'><dfn id='k88w6'><abbr id='k88w6'><big id='k88w6'><bdo id='k88w6'></bdo></big></abbr></dfn></sub></noframes><strike id='k88w6'></strike><td id='k88w6'></td><sub id='k88w6'><center id='k88w6'></center><abbr id='k88w6'></abbr><noframes id='k88w6'><dir id='k88w6'></dir></noframes></sub><tfoot id='k88w6'></tfoot><style id='k88w6'></style><legend id='k88w6'><tfoot id='k88w6'><b id='k88w6'></b><q id='k88w6'><del id='k88w6'><style id='k88w6'><address id='k88w6'></address></style><kbd id='k88w6'><li id='k88w6'></li><small id='k88w6'></small></kbd></del></q><small id='k88w6'><strike id='k88w6'></strike></small></tfoot><dd id='k88w6'><tt id='k88w6'><strong id='k88w6'><big id='k88w6'></big></strong></tt></dd></legend><form id='k88w6'></form><style id='k88w6'></style></div>