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The diagram of IOT </p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 2?设备感知层包括:设备上的各种传感器(包括:光、电、气、气象、环境、速度、运动、红外、流量)、RFID、智能卡、二维码、读写器、生物识别、视频、监控、MEMS、GPS、北斗等等?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 2?传输网络层包括:远程的Internet ?G?G?G?G、NB-IoT、eSIM、eMTC?卫星通信、PLC、近程的Bluetooth、WIFI、UWB、ZigBee、LoRa、Z-wave等等?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 2?应用支撑层包括: 各种中间功能件、大数据、云计算、云平台、分布式并行计算、Web服务技术、边缘计算、数据安全、人工智能等等?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 2?服务应用层则包括:智能零售、智能制造、智能物流、智能家居、智能安防、智能能源、智慧农业、智慧交通、智慧医疗、智慧建筑、智慧军事等等?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 2? 以照明物联网为例,解释一下物联网的工作过??</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 物联网照明一样也有四层:物理感知层、传输网络层、应用支撑层、服务应用层。见??</p> <p style="text-align:center;text-indent:2em;"> <img src="http://oss.3gbot.com/kindeditor/img/20181026/20181026105549_1631.jpg" width="500" height="306" title="物联网照明的技术和标准体系框架探讨" alt="物联网照明的技术和标准体系框架探讨" /> </p> <p style="text-align:center;text-indent:2em;"> ? 照明物联网示意图 </p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> Fig? The diagram of IOT lighting </p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 2?? 照明物联网的设备感知层(路灯和控制节点或集中控制器上)包括:光敏传感器、运动传感器、带时钟的GPS(或北斗定位)等等?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;">Ѷ 2?? 照明物联网的传输网络层包括:无线近距离通信(如Zigbee)或有线近距离通信(如485)、远程无线通信GPRS、NB-IOT或Internet等等?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 2?? 照明物联网的应用支撑层包括:服务器及平台软件、各种中间功能件、大数据、或有云计算和边缘计算?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;">Ѷ 2?? 照明物联网的服务应用层主要是物联网照明管理中心,中心包括几个系统模块?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;">Ѷ 控制模块、统计模块、地理模块、案模块、设置模块、通信模块等?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 2??一个简单的城市道路物联网照明的工作流程,主要有几个过程?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 感应器à单灯控制器à集中控制或监控中心启动à灯具点亮à状态返回à各种中央后台监控管理?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> ?:所有的“à”符号都表示一个单工或双工的通信过程?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> ?:感应器:包括了环境亮度感应、地理时间感应、人或车的运动感应等。这几个条件在逻辑上是“与”的关系。具体的逻辑模型有设计者和使用者确定?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 2??从上面的简单工作流程图可以看出,物联网照明不是一个灯具的事情,是一个系统过程,除了传感器、驱动电源部件或灯具设备自身的技术规范和产品标准外,在各个部件之间、部件和设备之间、部件或设备和监控中心之间,都存在硬件连接、通信协议和软件数据结构的匹配协调问题?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 2?? 物联网照明的技术规范和产品标准体系框架,就是把部件、设备、通信、软件平台、应用软件等等自身的,和它们之间的,需要做的技术规范、通信协议、产品标准、互换接口要求等理出来,便于相关的标准工作者了解需要做的工作?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 3 .物联网照明标准体系框架 </p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 体系框架见图3?</p> <p style="text-align:center;text-indent:2em;"> <img src="http://oss.3gbot.com/kindeditor/img/20181026/20181026105608_6321.jpg" width="500" height="343" title="物联网照明的技术和标准体系框架探讨" alt="物联网照明的技术和标准体系框架探讨" /> </p> <p style="text-align:center;text-indent:2em;"> ?物联网照明标准体系框?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> Fig? 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